The Skyline was largely designed and engineered by Shinichrio Sakurai from inception, and remained a chief influence of the car until he died in 2011.
Skylines are available in either coupé, or sedan body styles, plus station wagon, crossover, convertible and pickup/sedan delivery body styles. The later models are most commonly known by their trademark round brake and tail lights (as of 1972).
While not distributed in the United States until its importation as the Infiniti G, the Skyline's prominence in video games, movies and magazines resulted in many such cars being imported there from 1989 to late 2005 via Motorex. The majority of Skyline models are rear wheel drive, with four wheel drive being available since the eighth-generation's debut.
The 11th-generation Skyline (V35) was another major turning point for the nameplate, as it dropped some of the previous generation Skyline's trademark characteristics such as the straight-6 engine (replaced with a V6) and turbo charging, and eventually separated the GT-R into it's own line. Nissan decided to retain the Skyline for the luxury sport model, while its platform mate, the 350Z, revived the Z line of pure sports cars.
The V35 was the first Skyline made for export to North America, being sold under Nissan's luxury marque Infinity as the G35. The Skyline (V36/J50) is sold in Europe, North America, South Korea, Taiwan, and the Middle East as the Infinity G37.
On April 11, 2010 a Guinness Book of Records event took place with 225 Skylines taking part in a parade lap at the ISTS at Silverstone UK which produced two world records: the most recorded Nissan Skylines at one meet at one time, and Most Nissan Skylines on a track at the same time.
A couple of my favourite skylines:
The first GT-R Skyline appeared in February 1969. Called the PGC-10 (KPGC-10 for later coupé version) internally and Hakosuka (ハコスカ) by fans. Hako (ハコ) means Box in Japanese, and suka（スカ） is short for Skyline (スカイライン; Sukairain). It used the 2.0 L (1998 cc)s20 16. This new DOHC engine (which was designed by the former Prince engineers) produced 160 hp (118 kW, 180 N m), and was similar to the GR8 engine used in the Prince R380 racing car.
The GT-R began as a sedan, but a 2-door coupé version was debuted in October 1970 and introduced in March 1971. The cars were stripped of unnecessary equipment to be as light as possible for racing, and performed well at the track. The sedan racked up 33 victories in less than two years, and the coupé stretched this to 50 through 1972.
The C10 raced against many cars including the Toyota Corona 1600GT, Isuzu Bellett GTR, Mazda Familia and Capella(RX-2) – even Porsche. In late 1971 the new Mazda RX-3 became the GT-R's main rival. The GT-R managed a few more victories before the RX-3 ended the GT-R's winning streak.
The R32 GT-R was first produced in 1988 including prototype cars. The first six Nismos were built in 1989. In a 'gentlemen's agreement' it was stated that the car would not exceed 280PS(276 hp). The engine was designed for 500hp in racing trim, and then muzzled by the exhaust, boost restriction, and ECU. The electronic boost control had a small physical restriction in the control lines. It was marked in yellow so the new owner could remove it and enjoy a safe factory boost increase. After this increase the car could put out 310 hp and could do 0-100 km in 4.7 seconds and quarter mile in 12.8 seconds.
The R32 GT-R dominated Japanese Touring Car Championship(JTCC), winning 29 races from 29 starts, taking the series title every year from 1989 to 1993. It took 50 races from 50 starts from 1991 to 1997 in the N1 Super Taikyu.
The GT-R 34 had reappeared in 1999, with a revised chassis and other updates after previously being launched in 1998. The R34 turbo had received a ball bearing core. Also, it had been fitted with a metal exhaust wheel and ball bearing centre section. The turbo outlet pipes were changed from cast to formed metal outlets. The intercooler outlet side and rear turbo dump pipe had temperature probes fitted in the V-spec models.
The biggest feature and most significant feature to the R34 GT-R that wasn't seen on any other model Skyline was the display unit at the top of the dashboard. This display unit was very significant for the car at its time. This display showed many of the cars engine stats including boost pressure, oil temp, water temp and more.
As a 1999 car this kind of technology was very rare and advanced at the time. The display was capable of showing the G-force that the car was under when driving and there was also a lap timer that could be started by a button that was located near the gear lever.
There was a computer jack lead hidden underneath the left passenger side skirt that could be used to transfer driving data from the car to a laptop. This could only be done with a Japanese version of Windows and Japanese software, which today is very hard to come by. Other features such as the battery being located under the back seat of the car made more room available in the engine bay.
The Nissan Skyline GT-R rivals are the Toyota Supra and the Mazda RX-7. The production of Skyline GT-R type R34 ended in August 2002. As part of the Type R34 GT-R final campaign, all Skyline GT-R customers received a GT-R official photo album before January 24, 2002.
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